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As a consequence, considerable advances have been made not only in the study of the missionary enterprise, but also in the growth of the Christian Church in China. Especially during the last decade or so a substantial number of imaginatively conceived monographs and articles, employing new theoretical concepts and methodologies, have contributed significantly to our understanding of the cultural exchanges between foreign missionaries and Chinese society.
In this connection, it is interesting to note that with the rise of historical anthropology, some anthropologists engaged in the study of minority peoples are now availing themselves of the relevant missionary accounts, especially where they are the only surviving sources affording glimpses into the past.
The main purpose of this guide is to provide scholars with information that will facilitate further scholarly investigations. It has been divided into separate sections for Roman Catholic and Protestant sending agencies, to take account of their separate histories and rather different approaches in China.
The missionary enterprise in China, including the Catholic apostolate, was forever changing and expanding. Especially after , many new sending agencies were entering the field. As far as the missionary aspect of Christianity in China is concerned, it had reached its most mature and relatively stable stage in the late s.
The turbulent s, on the other hand, were a time of extreme flux within the missionary movements, caused by the disruptions of the Anti-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War. It should also be noted that the Catholic prefectures and vicariates apostolic became dioceses when the Chinese hierarchy was established in Since it would be very difficult to account for all the changes over time within the limited space available, xi Introduction the information for individual organizations is primarily based on data culled from the Protestants and Catholics China directories.
Each complete entry within the Guide consists of three main parts. Wherever possible, the Chinese and Western names are given for each organization, along with the geographic area in which their missionaries were active. The Chinese Name s field is particularly important for it lists all existing official transliterations in Mandarin and provides the Chinese characters. In the China Start field, I have indicated the earliest available year an association actively commenced work in China, e.
In cases of multiple layers of administration, e. Each entry ends with a compilation of data pertaining to publications, divided in three subsections: Official Periodicals, Literature, and Archives. The first, Official Periodical s , lists publication information for all periodicals an association has published. In the Literature section, I provide a listing of selected books on or containing information about the particular association. In both subsections, I have included publication information whenever it was available.
When reviewing the fields in China where a Catholic missionary society was active, it is important to remember that prior to , Catholic missionaries in China were generally not assigned specific mission territories. This changed, however, with the final abolition of the Portuguese padroado dioceses Beijing, Nanjing, Macau— only a small remnant of the latter was retained and the creation of prefectures and vicariates apostolic controlled directly by Propaganda Fide in Rome.
Each vicariate was assigned to a specific religious order and province of that religious order. In imperial times the vicariates were identical to Chinese provinces. And when the vicariates were further divided in the course of the nineteenth century, the new ecclesiastical entities continued to mirror Chinese administrative units, consisting of prefectures fu and independent departments zhili zhou. For instance, the newly created Vicariate Apostolic of South Shandong consisted of the civil prefectures of Caozhou, Yanzhou, Yizhou, and the independent department of Jining.
Similar subdivision along these lines occurred in other Chinese provinces as well. However, the congruence of ecclesiastical and civil administrative units came to an end with the fall of the Qing dynasty in In the new republic, departments zhou , subprefectures ting , independent departments zhili zhou , and prefectures fu were abolished. As a consequence, the names of the former prefectural capitals were changed to their county xian names in Thus, Yanzhou in Shandong became known as Ziyang, and so on.
Yet in the Catholic hierarchy decided to rename virtually all the vicariates and prefectures apostolic. Whereas before the Catholic jurisdictions xii Introduction were known by the names of the Chinese provinces in which they were located, afterward they were known by the old Chinese imperial prefectural names. That is to say, the connection with Chinese administrative reality was now lost. Because of this incongruence, I decided to retain the spelling of Catholic jurisdictions as created by the ecclesiastical authorities.
Thus, the traditional missionary spelling should always come first, followed by the appropriate pinyin rendering in square brackets. For example: Vicariate Apostolic of Lanchowfu [Lanzhou]. When referring to Manchuria, references to place names become even more complex. First the Guomindang reorganized the territory and then the Japanese made further administrative changes in what became known as Manchukuo, including the annexation of Rehe.
Because of these often drastic administrative changes, the extent of ecclesiastical territories became quite different from the civil territories. For example, the newly created civil province of Ningxia had to a large extent been detached from Gansu province. The Vicariate Apostolic of Ningsia, on the other hand, had been detached from the old Vicariate Apostolic of Western Mongolia and included part of the civil provinces of Ningxia, Suiyuan, and Shaanxi.
Assigning locations to their proper administrative units is particularly important in the case of mission stations. Some of the mission stations in the Vicariate Apostolic of Ningsia, for instance, were located in the civil province of Ningxia, but other stations of that vicariate in the civil provinces of Suiyuan and Shaanxi. It is difficult to account for all these changes in a work such as this reference guide.
Preference is given to providing Chinese place names in pinyin first, followed by traditional or older transliterations when available: Guangzhou [Canton]. In this connection, I should like to point out that it is customary among the more discerning scholars that a distinction be made between the county town and the county, especially when the county seat consists of only one character.
The Vicariate Apostolic of Sienhsien may serve as an example: the county town should always be written as Xianxian, but when referring to the county, it should be written as Xian Xian. Protestant missionaries, although recent arrivals in China, represented a bewildering variety of denominational affiliations and missionary organizations—and particularly after , many had no clear affiliation at all.
For a substantial number of missionary groups there is a distinct paucity of information. A good many missionaries coming from a faith mission background, but especially the Pentecostals, did not indicate any specific affiliation and often refused to establish any organizational structures and thus did not accumulate archival resources.
Consequently, little is known about the missionary activities of many of the smaller groups. Sometimes it is by chance that their presence in China is revealed. Since they do not have any organizational structure, and hence no archives or dedicated periodical, information about the China missionaries and their work has been difficult to obtain. At the same time, major national and international Catholic and Protestant support organizations, while not sending their own personnel, worked closely with various missionary societies and thereby produced substantial primary and secondary research material see Appendices B and C.
There can be no doubt that considerable progress has been made in the study of Christianity in China over the past quarter of a century, both in China and the West. In addition to preparing a revised edition of this valuable guide, the Ricci Institute at the University of San Francisco Center for the Pacific Rim is producing a number of other useful online research tools.
Indeed, much information is made available on the Internet, including guides to missionary collections. Some of the large missionary archive collections are now available on microfilm, microfiche, or in digital format and can be consulted in many major university libraries. As the field continues to grow in importance, a wide range of research topics is being explored and innovative research methods employed.
In the West, secular academics are increasingly taking an interest in the missionary enterprise as the primary interface of culture contact and cultural exchange with Chinese society. In the P. Perhaps the most encouraging development during the past decade is the growing scholarly interest in the history xiv Introduction of Christianity in China. A younger generation of academics is beginning to engage in sustained and more sophisticated scholarship.
Scholars now have much greater opportunities to pursue research into this rather exciting aspect of Chinese history and society. In this regard, the rich missionary archival material in various repositories in Europe, North America, and Australia obviously is an essential resource. However, the many sending agencies as well as the Chinese churches generated substantial amounts of unpublished and published material, especially in the Chinese language, that has remained in China.
There remains, therefore, the task to locate and utilize these important resources. Naturally, Chinese scholars are best equipped to undertake this work. See, e. Archie Crouch et al. Sharpe, CH ch. DK E ed. F Fla. H I idem. D Mlle Mo. NL no s. NSW N. NZ Okla. Rev s. Although the society was organized in , its members did not take their first vows until They took their public vows at Christmas of the following year.
The first Assumptionists arrived in Manchuria in The post-war political situation created ever greater problems in the apostolate. Joseph in Reichenbach, Bavaria, in His fast-growing community in moved to Emming, a hamlet in Upper Bavaria, which soon became the motherhouse of the worldwide Benedictine Congregation of St. Ottilien OSB. In the congregation received papal approbation and was affiliated to the Benedictine Congregation on 22 November In the mission in Korea began.
An abbey was founded in Seoul, which was moved to Tokwon now North Korea in From there the field of work was extended to Manchuria, and Benedictine monks took charge of the Prefecture Apostolic of Yenki which had been erected in raised to vicariate apostolic in This flourishing church was destroyed after The surviving monks later gathered in South Korea where they founded Waegwan Abbey.
Ottilien, vols. Frumentius Renner, ed. Ottilien; vol. Ottilien Sankt Ottilien: Eos-Verlag, Vincent was established as an abbey in In American Benedictines from St. In a group of Benedictine monks of St. Vincent Abbey, Pennsylvania, formed a new monastic community in Chicago in order to pray and work among the Czech and Slovak immigrants. In the Abbey was transferred to Lisle, Illinois. Benedictines of St. Procopius Abbey, Lisle, established themselves at Kaifeng. In Sylvester Healy was prior.
After Benedictines of St. Procopius Abbey founded a Benedictine friary at Chiayi, Taiwan. Monthly for students. Literature: Jerome Oetgen, Mission to America. A History of Saint Vincent Archabbey. Procopius Abbey, — Lisle, Ill. The Benedictine Chinese Mission is discussed on pp. James P. This deals with a monk traveling from Kaifeng to Hong Kong in early Procopius Abbey, College Rd. Email: [email protected] hotmail. It received papal approbation on 4 March Eugen Imhof, and Dr.
Gustav Schnetzler. Following the Japanese occupation of Manchuria, the young mission entered a turbulent period. On the one hand, there was a distinct upsurge of interest in Christianity amongst the Chinese inhabitants, but on the other hand, the Japanese increasingly placed restrictions on missionary work. The situation deteriorated even more rapidly after Finally, on 25 July the missionaries were arrested. In November the last one left China.
Its constitutions were approved for 7 years on 4 June and definitively on 7 May In monks from St. Peter and Andrew at Xishan, outside Shunqing. The monks prayed, taught, and worked in China until the Communists expelled them in Official Periodicals: Bethlehem. Illustrierte Monatsschrift der Missionsgesellschaft Bethlehem Immensee, — Also published in English, French, Italian, and Dutch. Bethlehem-Kalender, vol.
Valyermo Rd. Brachhold Immensee: Printing Office, , pp. In there were 1 Chinese and 8 foreign brothers at Tangshan, with Br. Ladislas Oostermeyer as superior. The establishment had to be abandoned in Edesius Boerrigter, In Smarten geboren. Trier, Germany; Lauda 27 May ; approbation 29 April The first brothers established themselves in the mission hospital at Lanzhou on 7 May A second station was established at Mercy Hospital in Shanghai on 3 February Brothers of St.
On 7 November the 6 pioneers who formed the first community of the Christian Brother Schools landed in Hong Kong. They took charge of St. Hidulphe-Marie as the first director. They were assigned to the minor seminary there. Joseph's Seminary 4 foreign brothers in A year later, because of the chaotic political and social situation in Manchuria, some of the brothers sought refuge in Beijing.
Yet in the course of all the brothers left for Hong Kong. Background Note: The Brothers of St. Paul were founded in or by Alfonso Maria Morelli CM with the assistance of Vincentius Chen Shizun CM in the Vicariate Apostolic of Chengtingfu as auxiliaries in evangelistic work and the instruction of the newly baptized in the Lazarist missions. The society had 78 members in In there were 53 professed, 20 novices, and 6 postulants.
Here Morelli gives as the year of foundation. Here the author gives as the year of foundation. Maurice, Augustine Grand St. Email: [email protected] bigfoot. Bernard of Menthon, St. Bernard of Aosta. The last title is probably the best to use. Around he secured sufficient funds to erect a new hospice and hospital on Jove Mountain. Nicholas and Bernard of Montjoux. Never a large order at present about 70 members , these canons continue today to devote their attention to the needs of Alpine travelers and to the spiritual welfare of those who live in the nearby mountains.
In the CRB accepted a call to evangelize the Tibetans. In they began construction of a hospice on the Chinese-Tibetan border, but the work was interrupted owing to the Japanese invasion of China, World War II, and the civil war that followed. However, over a period of 20 years they were able to establish a number of parishes in northern Yunnan and conducted missions in Tibet, the hostility of Buddhist monks notwithstanding.
Shortly thereafter, the Chinese Communists expelled all foreign missionaries. In the canons started new work in Taiwan. Augustine on 4 May El Misionero, vol. As a consequence of the political disorders during the Northern Expedition, they abandoned the China establishment in Literature: W. In Canadian Viatorians established a new educational apostolate at Taichung, Taiwan.
Antoine Marie Claret — In a new group of Claretian missionaries arrived to take up work in the Vicariate Apostolic of Wuhu. They were expelled from China after and some of the missionaries went to the Philippines. There is also a small CMF presence in Taiwan. Official Periodicals: Missions Saint-Viateur, nos. Some reports were published in journals of the Quebec Foreign Mission Society.
This archive does not have much material concerning the China mission. Paul; Regular Clerics of St. Antonio M. Zaccaria and others. Francesco Caracciolo — at Naples, Italy. The CRM worked mostly as missioners, but some worked in hospitals and prisons. Hermitages were provided for those who wished solitude. Perpetual adoration of the Blessed Sacrament is one of the main duties of the order. A few Caracciolini went to China in the eighteenth century, including Nicola Tomacelli d.
Pesaro, Italy, 12 February They served as procurators of Propaganda Fide. Luigi Affoni, messaggi della S. The new Constitution received papal approbation on 28 November This apostolate was carried on in the Byzantine-Slavic rite according to the Synodal version. He was joined later by other priests of the same congregation, among them Fr. The central residence was in the St.
The ordinariate was closed in In English and Polish. Echo des Missions Picpuciennes, vol. Hainan was separated from the Vicariate Apostolic of Pakhoi in and made a prefecture apostolic on 25 May Paul-Marie Julliotte was appointed prefect apostolic in June In the last Picpus Fathers were expelled from Hainan.
John the Baptist was founded in by Domenico Francesco Olivieri d. Ferretti was appointed to Shaanxi, but was arrested during the persecution of — and condemned to lifelong imprisonment. Conforti, who had arrived in China in , undertook an apostolic visitation of the Franciscan missions in Shaanxi, Shanxi, and Gansu on behalf of Propaganda Fide in the late s. When the Chinese authorities closed the Xitang in , Ferretti and Conforti were amongst a group of Catholic priests who asked the emperor to be permitted to leave China.
The Battistini were suppressed by Napoleon I in and have since then been extinct. Saverio Maresca, as well as Ignazio Dracopoli. The latter had been educated in the Turkish section of the college. The college was sequestrated by the Italian state in Bonaventure, N. Gennaro Nardi, Cinesi a Napoli. Giacomo Di Fiore, Lettere di missionari dalla Cina — It received diocesan approbation on 31 March In a major seminary was built at Xuanhua.
For details see Dries Vanysacker, ed. Their work in Gansu was transferred to the Society of the Divine Word in Missions de Scheut, vol. Annalen der Missionarissen van Scheut. Missien in: China, Mongolie, Congo en Philippijnen, vol. Vincent de Paul in Paris on 17 April and received papal approbation on 12 January Unfortunately, the first missionaries fell prey to the controversy over the Chinese Rites and fell out of favor with the imperial court.
The first group died out by the s. The Vincentian mission in China began anew in Their return was motivated by 2 fundamental reasons. Leuven: Universitaire pers Leuven, , pp. Second, with the suppression of the Society of Jesus in , one of its members, Jean-Joseph-Marie Amiot, suggested to the French government that a French religious community should take over the Jesuit mission in Beijing.
Charles Paris. Raux was an astronomer and geographer who also knew botany well. Ghislain was a mechanical expert with knowledge of pumps, magnetism, vacuum, electricity which was at an early stage of investigation , and many other practical matters that were very useful in Beijing. Paris was a talented watch maker and repairer. The Vincentians soon began missions in the area around Beijing.
In the emperor expelled from Beijing all but 3 Portuguese Vincentians, who were members of the Bureau of Mathematics, and the French Vincentian Louis-Francois Lamiaux, who was the French interpreter at the court. He and Josephus Han — regularly visited the dispersed Christian communities in the north of China and in Mongolia. Note also the Portuguese Lazarists in China: They were called to Macau by the Portuguese government in and directed many houses of education there; after the suppression of the Jesuits they replaced that order in China.
The Portuguese had arrived at the same time as the French as successors to the Portuguese Jesuit missions in Macau and later Beijing. Their position, especially in Macau, was more assured than that of their French confreres, as they were part of the governmentsponsored Portuguese Mission funded by the Portuguese queen.
Such favor did not confer as much dignity as in previous centuries, but locally it was still important. The Portuguese Empire was almost a spent force by , retaining a few colonies in Asia, of which Macau was of crucial importance to both trader and missionary. Although Portugal had little influence internationally, it still could interfere successfully in Church affairs and did so regularly. In , 2 Portuguese Vincentians arrived in Macau to set up a seminary there and later, in , 2 others moved to Beijing to take charge of the Portuguese Mission based there.
The Congregation was itself suppressed in Portugal in and the Portuguese Mission, in the government-sponsored form in which it had existed, was in serious decline by , at which time there were 11 Portuguese Vincentians in the Chinese Mission, 7 of whom worked in Macau. By , 18 issues had been published. Hubrecht C. Ceased with No. Bulletin religieux du Vicariat Apostolique du Tche-ly Central, no. Le Missioni Estere Vincenziane.
Rivista mensile illustrata, vol. In Latin and Chinese. Louis, Alfonso Maria de Liguori — , receiving papal approbation on 25 February The last Spanish Redemptorists were expelled from China in See also Boletim Gov.
Thomas [pseud. Redemptoris, vol. Contains reports from China since Los Misioneros Redentoristas en el Celeste Imperio. Hoja de Propaganda Misionera, vol. Email: [email protected] cmparis. Kenmore Ave. Paginas del diario de un misionero Mexico: Editorial Gerardo Mayela, , pp. The website includes biographies of individual missionaries. American CP priests and brothers of both the Eastern and Western provinces were sent to China in to establish and evangelize the Yuanling or Chenchow mission in Hunan raised to prefecture apostolic in ; vicariate apostolic ; diocese Primary evangelization occurred in the Diocese of Yuanling.
In Hunan, Communist revolutionary activities, famine, and banditry made life difficult for the CP. Yuanling was made a vicariate apostolic in and Msgr. Wave upon wave of refugees and sick and wounded soldiers flooded the cities. Joseph of Baden, Pennsylvania. The last members of the CP were expelled in Pierre ErdozaincyEtchard was appointed ecclesiastical superior.
The territory was elevated to Prefecture Apostolic of Tali in Following their expulsion from China in , the Betharram Fathers established a new mission in Thailand. Official Periodicals: The Sign — Hunan News — Published internally by the Passionists to inform its members about the ministerial, social, and political situation of the Passionists in China.
Campana Sianyang. First published by the Stigmatins; later by Chinese secular clergy. Entre nous Dali, Yunnan. Internal publication. Joseph C. Henchey CSS, Stigmatibus D. Gaspare Bertoni — in Verona, Italy; decree of commendation 16 April ; papal approbation 15 September Tarcisio Martina was appointed ecclesiastical superior of the mission.
During the Anti—Japanese War, rural mission work was severely disrupted by the contest between the Japanese and the Chinese Communist guerrillas. In Bishop Martina was accused by the Communist authorities of plotting against the new government and was condemned to life imprisonment. He was expelled in It is one of the mendicant religious orders.
Giovanni Mancini dei SS. Agostino e Monica — , having survived a shipwreck near Xiamen Fujian , reached Fuzhou Fujian in November Augustine mission in Guangdong. He subsequently went to Tonkin. Giovanni Battista and Sigismondo Mainardi di S.
Nicola — The last 2 Discalced Augustinians, Anselmo da S. Margherita and Adeodato di Agostino, arrived in China in They were given permission to leave China in and arrived in Manila in July Gregorio de religiosos descalzos de N. Francisco en las islas Philipinas, China, Japon, etc. Extra-muros de la Ciudad de Manila: Por Fr. Juan del Sotillo, — , 3 vols.
Sinica Franciscana, vol. Antonii, , 2 parts. IX: Fortunato Margiotti, ed. X: Antonio Sisto Rosso, ed. Literature: Gabriele M. Agostiniana], It should be noted that these Spanish friars were subject to the patronato real and thus independent of the Portuguese padroado and Propaganda Fide. In the course of the eighteenth century, in consequence of the proscription of Christianity, the number of Spanish Franciscans gradully declined.
In the last Spanish Alcantarine left Macau for Manila. It was not until that the Spanish Alcantarines also joined the union. Missionaries were sent out under the authority of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith in Rome. In the seminary of the MEP was established and in approved. From the midnineteenth century the society had also allocated work in Guangdong, Guangxi, and Manchuria. The first 4 brothers took vows on 28 April In there were 45 members.
Some of the brothers of the Disciples of the Sacred Heart of Jesus made a fresh start in Hong Kong after , but the congregation is now defunct. Compte rendu des travaux Paris, —. Adrien Launay, Histoire des Missions de Chine. Francis Xavier Congregation for the Foreign Missions. In the Xaverians were given charge of the mission in western Henan. In the vicariate since called Vicariate Apostolic of Chengchow was divided and the Prefecture in elevated to Vicariate Apostolic of Loyang erected.
The latter was completely destroyed as a result of military action in December In October Xaverian priests arrived at Fangzi, Vicariate Apostolic of Chefoo Shandong , to start a new mission there in accordance with the wishes of Propaganda Fide. Their work ended with the Communist occupation in July Between —, Xaverians were sent to China. In the Xaverian missionaries began a new apostolate in Taiwan.
John the Baptist thus served as auxiliaries in the parishes entirely under Chinese episcopal authority. In the face of mounting Japanese aggression, the Little Brothers began to adopt a more patriotic approach to encompass the social reconstruction of China.
As early as , following the Japanese invasion of Rehe, Lebbe organized for the first time a group of medical orderlies and stretcher-bearers, officered by 20 Little Brothers. Since the Vincentians in North China violently opposed this patriotic engagement, Lebbe left the Congregation of the Mission and, following his vows as a Little Brother, became superior of that congregation in December In the motherhouse moved to Hong Kong.
In it was moved to Taiwan and is located in the Diocese of Taichung. The Congregation of St. Saverio in Cina Parma, —; printed —. Usually bimonthly. Vita Nostra di Missione, [Bollettino privato], [Tianjin], —. On 8 September Garnier received the vows of the first religious.
In the brothers were absorbed by the Marist Brothers of the Schools. Cl[aude] Soetens, ed. Literature: G. In the FMS was invited to teach in St. The GGG City Library of Basel offers a network consisting of a main site and branches in the various local districts where, among other things, books for children and youth, games and videos can be borrowed.
The local meeting points are places to get together and make contacts for the inhabitants of the district and especially for young families. Here you can interact with others and also obtain valuable information as well as support for your everyday life.
Basel offers a wide variety of leisure activities for children and young people, ranging from supervised playgrounds and games and handicrafts for children to youth meeting points in the various local districts. Johann Nico Baier St. In Switzerland education and training are in principle the responsibility of the cantons.
The school systems are currently harmonised throughout Switzerland and also bi-cantonally in both cantons of Basel. There they learn how to speak German through games and playing. Children go to kindergarten starting in their fifth year.
After that they attend primary school for six years. Here children learn French starting in the third year and English starting in the fifth year. After primary school all pupils attend the three-year secondary school. Depending upon their performance in school the children are divided into three levels: A general requirements , E expanded requirements and P high requirements. Kindergarten and primary school offer day-care structures beyond the instruction: in exchange for a fee paid by the parents, children are looked after in day-care facilities at schools or for midday meals.
During the school holidays there are day and sports camps for children. In secondary schools, the children also have the option of a lunchtime meal. In the afternoons, the children can attend supervised learning centres or recreational courses. In all schools core times are applied: the children are in school from Monday through Friday from 8 am till noon as well as one afternoon kindergarten or respectively several afternoons starting in primary school. One of them is the two- to four-year apprenticeship.
A vocational school certificate during or after the apprenticeship opens the way to studies at a college of higher education. A diploma from a matriculation school entitles the holder to study at a college of advanced education, and the certificate from a secondary school leads to a university.
It was founded in and today it is a modern university located in the city centre with 8 Education an attractive range of research, teaching and services. As a traditional comprehensive university it covers almost all fields of study and includes seven faculties. By European standards the University of Basel is a rather small university. It counts around 13, students, of them doctoral candidates, and has around professors and lecturers. They provide an excellent education and foster independent thinking and responsible action among the students.
The proportion of female students amounts to 55 per cent and more than a fifth of the students are from abroad. The University of Basel since has enjoyed the status of an autonomous university held today by the cantons of Basel-Stadt and Basel-Landschaft. In Switzerland all university students pay student fees; in Basel these amount to francs per semester. In addition to the range of university sports and the festivals and parties that take place regularly, there are numerous associations and student bodies.
The official representation of the students at the University of Basel is the skuba. This works not only for student participation, but also promotes student initiatives and organises its own cultural offerings. The FHNW is a regionally anchored educational institution with a national and international reputation.
These include the English-, French- or Italian-speaking international schools in Basel and the surrounding area. At individual private schools a leaving certificate recognised throughout Switzerland can also be provided. The University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland offers a diversified range of further education possibilities in all its subject areas.
The adult education centre of both Basel cantons offers numerous events in general further education, language courses and post-literacy courses for adults. And for all people who have reached the age of 58, the SeniorenUni organises events in various fields of knowledge of the University of Basel. In addition a variety of private schools offer language, computer and business courses 9 Culture Where culture is concerned, Basel has more to offer than cities of comparable size.
This has to do with the city s history, its location and the cosmopolitanism of the city and its inhabitants. The Basel Art Museum has the largest and most significant publicly accessible art collection in Switzerland. With its focal points of paintings and drawings by artists of the Upper Rhine from to as well as art of the 19 th to 21 st century, the Art Museum is among the leading museums in the world. But this is not the only museum known far beyond the borders of the country.
Other magnets for the public are the Foundation Beyeler in Riehen with its spectacular rotating exhibitions, the Museum of Antiquities, the Tinguely Museum and the Museum of Cultures. One of Basel s specialities is that the five public museums cooperate closely with the numerous private museums, and have issued a common Upper Rhine Museum Pass for the museums of the three-countries area.
With this pass you have unlimited entry to the permanent and special exhibitions of around museums, castles and gardens in Germany, France Alsace and northwestern Switzerland, and can take up to five children under the age of 18 free of charge.
It is run as a three-section operation with three stages at two sites, and offers numerous operas, plays and ballet productions annually. The Basel Theatre has been honoured several times as one of the best stages in the German-speaking area. Numerous small and tiny stages complete the theatre and dance offerings in Basel. Among the many small theatres of the region there are several that specialise in theatre productions for children and youth.
A central municipal location for the free contemporary theatre, dance and performance scene as well as for concerts in the area of popular music is the Basel Kaserne the old barracks. With its broad range the Kaserne promotes exchanges between the artists, the public and other art centres MUSIC The classical concerts of the City Casino are being held in the Musical Theater Basel whilst the renovation work is being carried out. This features not only outstanding local ensembles like the Basel Symphony Orchestra, the Basel Sinfonietta and the Basel Chamber Orchestra, but also world-famous international orchestras and soloists hold guest performances.
In addition numerous classical concerts such as those performed by the baroque orchestra and vocal ensemble La Cetra are being staged in churches throughout the city. In the areas of Rock, Hip-Hop, House and other contemporary musical trends, several pubs in Basel and in the local area provide a varied and lively programme.
Furthermore, at the Musical Theatre Basel, one of the most modern stages in Europe, major musical events regularly take place. The cultural festival Im Fluss in the river , which is performed on a raft in the Rhine in the summer, represents a special feature.
The fact that films in the cinema are shown in the original but with subtitles is considered a special feature of Switzerland. Films for children and young people can, however, also be seen in a dubbed version. The choice ranges from the great multiplex cinema to the small city cinema. On the one hand, Basel has very well preserved old city parts with buildings from the 13 th and 14 th centuries. Above all the cathedral hill, the suburb of St.
Alban and the streets between the market square and Petersplatz deserve a mention. They have all contributed to the fact that anyone on the move in Basel repeatedly encounters fascinating buildings. Then all the city centre lights go out and Queen Fasnacht picks up the torch in the city till Thursday.
A traditional and archaic-seeming tapestry of sound from innumerable piccolos and drums pervades the town. With their wild and brightly coloured costumes the merry Fasnacht crowd roams through the narrow lanes of the old town until dusk begins to fall. The only sources of light are powerful hand-painted lanterns. In Basel Guggemusiken mean wind and percussion groups, which can be described as a mix between Big Bands and strange noise machines.
At the same time the Guggemusiken take over the inner city acoustically with their concerts. In total the canton possesses about hectares of public green areas and open spaces, corresponding to just seven per cent of the total cantonal territory.
Specifically there are over 50 parks and green spaces. Along the streets and in the parks, 26, trees provide clean air, a green cityscape and a high quality of life. The canton rents out leisure gardens around the city. Or a walk along the Wiese, another tributary of the Rhine. In the surrounding woods there are numerous open hearths for evening barbecues.
It is also the habitat of several thousand animal and plant types, including some very rare and threatened species. It was founded in , and today the Zolli displays a blend of modern, animal-friendly facilities with magnificent old buildings in a green oasis in the immediate proximity of the train station.
In the recreation area of the same name is the Lange Erlen animal park. This is smaller than the zoo and features primarily domestic animals. The Basel passenger boat company offers regular and special passenger trips throughout the year both near and beyond the city. And if you just wish to cross the Rhine to the other bank, then you should try one of the four ferries in Basel. These noiseless craft use the currents of the Rhine to reach the other bank without additional power.
Just tell that to the ferryman! Johann: Tel Basel is not only home to professional sports. Sport has its place in all forms and facets of city life. Enthusiasts can choose from a very wide range of individual and team sports, as there are excellent facilities for both amateur and professional sporting activities.
A multitude of fitness offerings complete the traditional sports opportunities in Basel. About sports clubs are active in Basel, the list of sports on offer is long and includes numerous water, ball, combat and track sports.
And every year there is also the car-free movement and experience day slowup in the Basel region. Those who prefer to keep fit on an individual basis can enjoy the city and its surroundings by cycling, skating, in-line skating, playing golf, riding or paragliding. There s also a wide choice indoors, from aquajogging to yoga. The public sports facilities in Basel are popular public and family meeting points, and with the top-class sports complex at St. Jakob, Basel-Stadt is very well equipped for high sporting performances.
Many clubs run their own junior sections. Privately organised sport is supported by the public sports office, which is active with targeted development programmes in all areas of sport and for all age categories, so that children and young people can quench their thirst for activity. Its home games draw crowds averaging over 25, in the St. Jakob-Park Joggeli. Jakob-Park St.
Jakobs-Strasse , Basel Tel , St. Jakob St. Johann St. Johanns-Rheinweg, Basel Tel Naturbad Riehen Weilstrasse 69, Riehen Tel , The canton of Basel-Stadt guarantees the highest quality of medical care for all its inhabitants due to a differentiated health system. The basis for this is an insurance system that functions in a uniform manner throughout Switzerland. Basic insurance is compulsory for all inhabitants including for foreigners with residence permits and various additional insurances can be taken out on a voluntary basis.
However, in the case of these additional services the health insurance funds are free to decide whom they accept or do not accept in the insurance plans. In the basic insurances, on the other hand, the funds may not reject any application. The doctors and nurses work on the basis of the latest scientific knowledge for the wellbeing, safety and recovery of the patients. Other independent public and private hospitals also offer high-quality medical care in all disciplines.
The University Children s Hospital of both Basels UKBB is an autonomous university skills centre offering high-quality medicine in an environment designed for children. The School Dental Clinic is a public institution that was founded in for the benefit of the dental health of Basel children and young people. Already at that time the idea was to open a dental clinic where all children of the Canton of Basel-Stadt could be treated irrespective of their family s financial situation.
People from countries live and work here, and practically every other marriage is between two nationalities. The immigrants and locals should feel comfortable and be successful in this urban diversity. To this end Basel-Stadt pursues an active integration and anti-discrimination policy that covers all aspects of life. Its employees advise private individuals in over 13 languages and offer information in an advisory capacity to professionals and employers.
GGG Migration provides information pertaining to social, legal, and personal problems, as well as intercultural issues and supports networking with other people and institutions.
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|Reha chrischona 4126 bettingen germany||The Brief, Franciscan missionary magazine under the patronage of St. The city thus has a centuries-old Alltag tradition, 2 and today Basel has the largest exhibition area in Switzerland Kinder- and und is Familien a popular 5fair and congress venue with its top-class cultural Bildung and hotel 6 offerings. Eugen Imhof, and Dr. In the inner city most businesses close on Saturday at 5 pm or 6 pm, and in some outer districts somewhat earlier. A central municipal location for the free contemporary theatre, dance and performance scene as well as for concerts in the area of popular music is the Basel Kaserne the old barracks.|
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